1948 jeep scandal:
It was first major corruption case in independent India. VK Krishna Menon, the then Indian high commissioner to Britain, ignored protocols and signed a Rs 80 lakh contract for the purchase of army jeeps with a foreign firm.While most of the money was paid upfront, just 155 jeeps landed,the then Prime Minister Nehru forced the government to accept them. Govind Ballabh Pant the then Home Minister and the then Government of Indian National Congress announced on September 30, 1955 that the Jeep scandal case was closed for judicial inquiry ignoring suggestion by the Inquiry Committee led by Ananthsayanam Ayyangar.
1981 Antulay Trust:
AR Antulay, the then Chief Minister of Maharashtra, allegedly garnered Rs 30 crore from businesses dependent on State resources.
1987 HDW commissions:
The German submarine maker was blacklisted after allegations that commissions worth Rs 420 crore had been paid in the 1987 deal in India.
1989 St. Kitts forgery:
Documents were forged to allege that former Prime Minister VP Singh was a beneficiary of his son Ajeya Singh's account in the First Trust Corp at St Kitts, with a deposit of $21 million.
1980-90s Bofors scandal:
It was a major corruption scandal in India in the 1980s and 1990s, initiated by Congress politicians and implicating the prime minister, Rajiv Gandhi and several others who were accused of receiving kickbacks from Bofors AB for winning a bid to supply India's 155 mm field howitzer. The scale of the corruption was far worse than any that India had seen before and directly led to the defeat of Gandhi's ruling Indian National Congress party in the November 1989 general elections. The Swedish company paid INR640 million (US$12 million) in kickbacks to top Indian politicians and key defence officials. The case came into light during Vishwanath Pratap Singh's tenure as defence minister.
1990 Airbus scandal:
Indian Airline's signing of the Rs.2,000-crore deal with Airbus instead of Boeing caused a furore following the crash of an A-320 airliner.
1992 Securities scam:
Harshad Mehta manipulated banks and the stock market, pushing shares like ACC from Rs.500 to Rs 10,000. The stacked-up claims of the brokers were a staggering Rs 10,000 crore.
1996 Urea scam:
The scam came into light after a shortage of fertiliser in 1996 was reported, a clutch of businessmen in connivance with top officials of the National Fertiliser Limited, fleeced the Government of Rs.133 crore for the import of urea, which was never delivered.
1996 Telecom fraud:
Former Minister of State for Communication Sukh Ram was accused of causing a loss of Rs.1.6 crore by favouring a Hyderabad-based firm in the purchase of telecom equipment.
1996 Fodder scam:
This scam broke out in 1996 in the town of Chaibasa, Bihar when the animal husbandry department embezzled funds of around Rs 950 crore meant to purchase cattle fodder, medicines and animal husbandry equipment in Bihar. Chief Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav was forced to resign along with former Chief Minister Jagannath Mishra.
2002-2003 Taj Heritage Corridor case:
It is an alleged scam wherein 2002-2003, the then Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Mayawati and a Minister in her Government, Nasimuddin Siddiqui, were charged with corruption. The Taj Corridor project was intended to upgrade tourist facilities near the Taj Mahal and was to be implemented during her tenure as Chief Minister.
2009 Satyam Computer Services scandal:
It was a corporate scandal that occurred in 2009 where Chairman Ramalinga Raju confessed that the company's accounts had been falsified. The Global corporate community was shocked and scandalised when the Chairman of Satyam, Raju resigned on January 7, 2009 and confessed that he had manipulated the accounts by $1.47 Billion.
2002-2010 UP Foodgrain scam:
Uttar Pradesh food grain scam also dubbed as Mother of all scams took place between years 2002 and 2010. The grain worth Rs 35000 crore, meant to be distributed via PDS to the poor under several schemes like Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY), Jawahar Rozgar Yojana and Midday Meal Scheme for Below Poverty Line (BPL) card holders, was diverted to the open market. Some of it was traced to the Nepal and Bangladesh borders, as in 2010 security forces seized Rs 1.17 crore worth of foodgrains like paddy and pulses being smuggled to Nepal, another Rs 60.62 lakh worth of grains were confiscated on the Indo-Bangladesh border. The scam first was exposed in 2003, in Gonda district during the distribution of foodgrain meant for the Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana. After initially ordering an inquiry into the scam Mulayam Singh withdrew it. The Special Investigation Team ( SIT) set up by the Mulayam Singh Government in 2006, lodged over 5,000 FIRs. The latest of the scam series in India, initially referred as the 'UP rice scam' could be the biggest of them all, even outdistancing the 2G Spectrum scam. The scam involves goofing up of rice worth Rs 20, 0000 crore. It was a scam that stretched to almost 7 years and 300 FIRs.
2001 Stock market scam:
Stock market king, Ketan Parekh used UTI, Calcutta Stock Exchange and his own index K-10 to swindle investors. When the scam was unearthed, it was reported that he had wiped off over Rs.1 lakh crore of investor's market capital.
2008 cash-for-votes scandal:
It is a scandal, in which the UPA, the majority-holding Parliamentary-party alliance led by Sonia Gandhi, allegedly bribed MPs in order to survive a confidence vote on July 22, 2008. The vote in the Lok Sabha arose after the Communist Party of India (Marxist)-led Left Front withdrew support from the Government, who wanted to pursue an Indo-US nuclear deal.
2010 CWG scam:
The Commonwealth Games is perhaps one of India's most well known scam. Suresh Kalmadi who was the chairman of the Organising Committee of the Commonwealth Games was the main accused. It consisted of a number of corrupt deals involving overstated contracts. Kalmadi also handed out a Rs 141 crore contract to Swiss Timing for its timing equipment; the deal was inflated by Rs 95 crores. Less than 10 days before the games, athletes were told to move into apartments that were shabby and dilapidated. Kalmadi is currently out on bail.
2010 2G spectrum scam:
The illegal undercharging by Government officials to various telecom companies during the allocation of 2G licenses for cellphone subscriptions gave rise to the 2G spectrum scam. According to the CAG, the scam amounts to about Rs 176,000 crore, whereas the CBI estimates it at Rs 30,984 crore. Politicians named as accused in the chargesheet filed by the CBI include A Raja and MK Kanimozhi. The trial is being conducted in Special CBI Court. It also involves Nira Radia, a political lobbyist.
2011 Antrix Devas deal:
In 2011, G Madhavan Nair former ISRO chairman and three other scientists were involved in a controversial deal between the Indian Space Research Organisation's (ISRO) commercial arm Antrix Corporation and Devas Multimedia. The deal involved ISRO leasing the S-band transponders on two satellites (GSAT6 and GSAT6A) to Devas for broadcasting purposes. A CAG report found that the department of space hid facts from the Cabinet.
2012 Uttar Pradesh NRHM scam:
Under Mayawati's regime, this scam caused a loss of Rs 10,000 crore to the State. Politicians and senior bureaucrats are alleged to have siphoned off a massive booty from the National Rural Health Mission (NHRM), a Central Government programme meant to improve health care services in rural areas. At least five people have been murdered in an attempt to cover up large-scale irregularities. Several former ministers of belonging to Bahujan Samaj Party are being investigated by the CBI. The NRHM scam came into the light after two Chief Medical Officers (CMOs) were murdered in a broad daylight in Lucknow. Dr Vinod Arya was killed in Oct 2010 and another CMO, Dr BP Singh was killed in April 2011. They both were shot dead by motorcycle-riding killers, using the same weapon. Deputy-CMO YS Sachan, who is thought to have had a role in the murders, was arrested, but died mysteriously in jail. Subsequently, three other functionaries who were under investigation have also been murdered or died under suspicious circumstances. In Feb 2012, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh himself accused the Mayawati Government of misusing NRHM funds.
2012 Tatra scam:
Bharat Earth Movers Ltd in collaboration with Tatra Vectra Motors had produced over 7000 trucks to the Army. When General VK Singh took over as the Army Chief, he refused to authorise the purchase of trucks after he was offered a bribe. The scam was estimated at Rs 750 crore.
2012 Coal mining controversy:
Also called Coalgate is one of the well known scams. The scam, where the UPA Government reported a loss of Rs 185,591 crore. The CAG has accused the Centre of giving undue benefits to companies by distributing 155 coal acres in an arbitrary manner instead of auctioning to the highest bidder during 2004-2009.
2013 Railway promotion scam:
Infamously known as Railgate, it involves former Railway Minister Pawan Kumar Bansal and his nephew, Vijay Singla for allegedly accepting a bribe of Rs 90 lakh from a Railway Board member. The central investigative agency, CBI on June 4, questioned the former Railway Minister over his involvement. Kumar, however, has denied his involvement saying Singla acted on his own.
2013 Saradha Group chit fund scam:
Earthed recently, the Saradha Group chit fund scam caused a loss of Rs 20,000 crore to the exchequer. The scam was exposed a few months ago, and involves running ponzi schemes. The scam has also led to many suicides across the State.
2013 Vodafone tax scandal:
The scandal involves Rs 11, 000 crore tax dispute. The dispute also names Union Minister Kapil Sibal because of the Law Ministry's U-turn to agree to conciliation in Vodafone tax case.
2013 Agusta Westland chopper deal scam:
This is one of the most recent of the cases in India, which has shamed the country. The deal amounts to Rs 74.5 crore. According to various reports, the investigation into the Italian firm Finmeccanica, which started more than a year ago, is one of a series of corruption scandals in defence deal-making in India.